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Sustainability Assessment of Utilising Conventional and New Type Geothermal Resources in East Asia

Sustainability Assessment of Utilising Conventional and New Type Geothermal Resources in East Asia
31 March 2016
Keiichi Sakaguchi, Keyan Zheng, Zihui Chen, Arif Munandar, Haryadi Tirtomihardjo, Edi Suhanto, Kasumi Yasukawa, Toshihiro Uchida, Youhei Uchida, Norio Yanagisawa, Gaurav Shrestha, Yoonho Song, Tae Jong Lee, Manuel S. Ogena, Kriangsak Pirarai, Adisai Charuratna, Trong Than Tran
Keichi Sakaguchi, Venkatachalam Anbumozhi
Energy, Innovation and Technology

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New methods of low-carbon energy production and use are crucial building blocks for sustainable development. Despite having a number of advantages over other forms of renewable energy production, geothermal still comprises a relatively small part of energy mix in Asian countries. To catalyse a significant shift towards the sustainable production and use of geothermal energy, new techniques such as engineered geothermal systems, reservoir engineering, monitoring and scale controlling have to be introduced effectively. This study analyses the application of such technologies in China, Indonesia, Japan, the Republic of Korea, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam. Practical guidelines and standards that have been implemented by the geothermal industry as best practice benchmarks of these techniques and that significantly improved the geothermal energy's uptake are also developed.

Full Report







List of Tables

List of Figures

List of Abbreviations

List of Project Members

Executive Summary

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 2. Present Status

Chapter 3. Barriers and Opportunities

Chapter 4. Case Studies on Sustainable Use of Geothermal Energy

Chapter 5. Case Studies on Sustainable Use of Ground Source Heat Pumps

Chapter 6. Compilation of Case Studies

Chapter 7. Guidelines for Sustainable Use

Chapter 8. Conclusions and Recommendations

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